I’m feeling fairly random today. I’m in the middle of finals – just finished the major paper of the semester (it’s finally done!) but my final exam for my other class is still coming up on Monday. It feels like I’m being pulled in a thousand different directions, bouncing from one project to the next.
Still, I’ve been really productive the last week and my to-do list is slowly getting chipped away. I’m working on a post on Demonstratives for next week after the exam and trying to decide what I want to write about next. There’s so much! It’s hard to choose.
I learned something cool the other day. Did you know that the word for letter, I mean letter as in a or b or c, not the kind you write home to Mom (that’s vēstule, by the way), uses a similar root as the words for magic and magic-users? I wondered if they are related (and it turns out that they are!). I could see people thinking letters and those who could read them were magical, couldn’t you?
Today’s post is all about the magic of combining letters together into words and spells of sentences.
- burts : letter of the alphabet [slider title=”decline me”]burts, m, 1. dekl.
vsk.: burts, burta, burtam, burtu, ar burtu, burtā
dsk.: burti, burtu, burtiem, burtus, ar burtiem, burtos [/slider]
The very simplest building block of a word is the letter. There are several words that do build for certain off of this – burtnīca, for example – and all relate to copying and printing in some way.
- burvis : spellcaster (masc.), wizard [slider title=”decline me”]burvis, m, 2. dekl.
vsk.: burvis, burvja, burvim, burvi, ar burvi, burvī
dsk.: burvji, burvju, burvjiem, burvjus, ar burvjiem, burvjos [/slider]
While I’ve given the basic translation here of “wizard” and “witch”, as well as “spell-caster”, the definitions are rather loose and refer generally to any type of magic-user.
- burtot : to spell or sound out [slider title=”conjugate me”]burtot, 2. konj. (long)
tag. burtoju, burto, burto, burtojam, burtojat
pag. burtoju, burtoji, burtoja, burtojām, burtojāt
nak. burtošu, burtosi, burtos, burtosim, burtosiet / burtosit
pav. burto, burtojiet [/slider]
The dictionaries give this definition, however, it is a bit confusing. This is to spell out as in sounding out words when you read unfamiliar ones aloud. It’s generally associated with children learning to read.
- burt : to conjure, to practice magic [slider title=”conjugate me”]burt, 1. konj.
tag. buru, bur, bur, buram, burat
pag. būru, būri, būra, būrām, būrāt
nak. buršu, bursi, burs, bursim, bursiet / bursit
pav. bur, buriet [/slider]
Here’s where it gets interesting. Burtot is to spell out, but burt is to cast spells. If you prefix burt with ap-, you get apburt, to bewitch.
Are they *really* related? I don’t know. There’s certainly enough cognates that operate this way in English and while I am a language geek, I’m not a lexicography geek. They are similar enough to make me smile – and just as importantly, it’s an interesting little tidbit to ensure they stick in my memory.
Edited to Add: Thanks to Dace, we have confirmation! They are definitely related! See the comments for her great story. :)
- burvestība : magic, spell [slider title=”decline me”]burvestība, f, 4. dekl.
vsk.: burvestība, burvestības, burvestībai, burvestību, ar burvestību, burvestībā
dsk.: burvestības, burvestību, buvestībām, burvestības, ar burvestībām, burvestībās [/slider]
Finally, we end with magic itself. It’s a flexible word. In the singular, it could be talking about magic as a large overall concept or a small magic, as in a single spell or working. When this is used in the plural, it is definitely talking about several spells. It can be countable or uncountable, depending on context.