Wordy Weekend: Education, Part 2: Teachers & Students

So much to learn and so many fun words about it! Let’s do some more. :) Latvian is interesting in that it has different words for students at different levels of schooling.

Yes, I promise I’ll be writing more on grammar soon but grad school papers come first. So, since I’m mostly focusing my efforts on reading Latvian rather than on learning grammar, taking apart words to further solidify wordbuilding in my mind is about my speed right now. So, even if this seems silly, taking apart words definitely is not. Latvian is all about wordbuilding.

Notice here that skola (from the previous post) is used for building most of the words relating to students and teachers for grades 1 through 12.

  • skolēns : pupil, student decline me»

    Interestingly, there isn’t a feminine version of this word in use. The feminine form of student is skolniece.

  • skolnieks : masc. student decline me»

  • skolniece : fem. student decline me»

    As usual, mixed groups will take the masculine plural form.

  • skolotājs : masc. teacher decline me»

  • skolotāja : teacher decline me»

    Same as with skolnieki, skolotāji refers to both a masculine group of teachers and a mixed group of teachers. Also similarly to skolnieki, skolotāji is typically used for teachers of grades 1 through 12.

  • pasniegt : to hand, to offer, to lecture conjugate me»

    Note the palatalization change of -g- to -dz- from the infinitive to the past and present conjugated forms. Sniegt is also to hand or to offer but the prefix of pa- adds the connotation of out. So, if it is knowledge that you are handing out or offering out, then you are lecturing or teaching.

  • pasniedzējs : lecturer, teacher, faculty decline me»

  • pasniedzēja : lecturer, teacher, faculty decline me»

    At University level, you’ll encounter primarily pasniedzēji along with profesori (professors) instead of skolotāji. As you can see, this word is built from the verb pasniegt to create “a person who hands out” (knowledge) or a teacher.

  • students : masc. University student decline me»

  • studente : fem. University student decline me»

    At University level, we shift to this obvious loan-word for those attending for university degrees. Note also the typical palatatization change in the plural genitive of -t- to -š-.

skolēns, m, 1. dekl.
vsk.: skolēns, skolēna, skolēnam, skolēnu, ar skolēnu, skolēnā
dsk.: skolēni, skolēnu, skolēniem, skolēnus, ar skolēniem, skolēnos Powered by Hackadelic Sliding Notes 1.6.5
skolnieks, m, 1. dekl.
vsk.: skolnieks, skolnieka, skolniekam, skolnieku, ar skolnieku, skolniekā
dsk.: skolnieki, skolnieku, skolniekiem, skolniekus, ar skolniekiem, skolniekos Powered by Hackadelic Sliding Notes 1.6.5
skolniece, f, 5. dekl.
vsk.: skolniece, skolnieces, skolniecei, skolnieci, ar skolnieci, skolniecē
dsk.: skolnieces, skolnieču, skolniecēm, skolnieces, ar skolniecēm, skolniecēs Powered by Hackadelic Sliding Notes 1.6.5
skolotājs, m, 1. dekl.
vsk.: skolotājs, skolotāja, skolotājam, skolotāju, ar skolotāju, skolotājā
dsk.: skolotāji, skolotāju, skolotājiem, skolotājus, ar skolotājiem, skolotājos Powered by Hackadelic Sliding Notes 1.6.5
skolotāja, f, 4. dekl.
vsk.: skolotāja, skolotājas, skolotājai, skolotāju, ar skolotāju, skolotājā
dsk.: skolotājas, skolotāju, skolotājām, skolotājas, ar skolotājām, skolotājās Powered by Hackadelic Sliding Notes 1.6.5
pasniegt, 2. konj. (long)
tag. pasniedzu, pasniedz, pasniedz, pasniedzam, pasniedzat
pag. pasniedzu, pasniedzi, pasniedza, pasniedzām, pasniedzāt
nak. pasniegšu, pasniegsi, pasniegs, pasniegsim, pasniegsiet / pasniegsit
pav. pasniedz, pasniedziet Powered by Hackadelic Sliding Notes 1.6.5
pasniedzējs, m, 1. dekl.
vsk.: pasniedzējs, pasniedzēja, pasniedzējam, pasniedzēju, ar pasniedzēju, pasniedzējā
dsk.: pasniedzēji, pasniedzēju, pasniedzējiem, pasniedzējus, ar pasniedzējiem, pasniedzējos Powered by Hackadelic Sliding Notes 1.6.5
pasniedzēja, f, 4. dekl.
vsk.: pasniedzēja, pasniedzējas, pasniedzējai, pasniedzēju, ar pasniedzēju, pasniedzējā
dsk.: pasniedzējas, pasniedzēju, pasniedzējām, pasniedzējas, ar pasniedzējām, pasniedzējās Powered by Hackadelic Sliding Notes 1.6.5
students, m, 1. dekl.
vsk.: students, studenta, studentam, studentu, ar studentu, studentā
dsk.: studenti, studentu, studentiem, studentus, ar studentiem, studentos Powered by Hackadelic Sliding Notes 1.6.5
studente, f, 5. dekl.
vsk.: studente, studentes, studentei, studenti, ar studenti, studentē
dsk.: studentes, studenšu, studentēm, studentes, ar studentēm, studentēs Powered by Hackadelic Sliding Notes 1.6.5
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